By Liudmila Rosca,
London Metropolitan University.
This thesis seeks to shift the research focus from the characteristics and impact of criminal organisations to the societal factors that facilitate their emergence and growth. In Russia, criminal organisations comprised of state officials, businesspeople, and law enforcement members have successfully obtained financial and economic gains. Law enforcement and government officials were tasked with combating organised crime, but they often benefited from these criminal activities and forced illicit businesses to submit to their monitoring. To understand the Russian Mafia's success, one must investigate its background and the conditions that allowed it to thrive in the state.